Resource Governor helps sorry saves DBA’s life in terms of performance improvement by deriving proper lanes on what applications or which service accounts should have high horse power when it comes to CPU & I/O usage. This feature was introduced in SQL Server 2008 and made available in Enterprise, Developer and Evaluation editions only. This has got the ability to classify connections and route the workload to specific already derived lanes by DBA as per the business requirements. This is limited to SQL Server Engine only and self contained and instant specific only. This has got 3 main below concepts.
Below picture explains the available system views, DMVs, Performance counters that are specific to Resource Governor only.