BI

ByHariharan Rajendran

Power BI Report Server

Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services is the product which provides solutions to all the business enterprises. While it was in peak, Microsoft released another new BI tool which is nothing but Power BI.

Now Power BI is leading the Business Intelligence Industry. As it is a cloud-based service, business users were not able to use that tool for their business solutions because of security concerns. They were waiting for on-premises based Power BI server.

Now the wait is over. Microsoft released Power BI Report server which can be installed and configured for on-premises business solutions.

Power BI Report server is available for preview, you can download, install and experience the on-premises based Power BI Report.

As it is very new, it supports only analysis services as a source but in future, we can expect the same source connectors as like in Power BI cloud services.

This blog post explains to you that how you can experience the Power BI Report server using the Azure VM template.

Follow the below steps to spindle up Azure VM with Power BI Report Server on it.

Step 1: Login Azure portal and add a new Virtual machine

Step 2: Search for Power BI and it will show the below template

Step 3: Click create

Step 4: Add the VM name and credentials and choose which AS server you want to use from the drop down.

Step 5: By default, it using the below settings. In case, if you get an error message then change the name of the storage.

Step 6: At last, you need to click the purchase button. It will create and deploy the Power BI machine.Once the machine is deployed successfully, connect the machine and you can see the Power BI.

Once the machine is deployed successfully, connect the machine and you can see the Power BI Report Server.It also adds an option to create Power BI Report from the portal itself.

ByHariharan Rajendran

Monitor Power BI Services Health

It always mandatory to monitor the services that we engaged with. It helps us to understand the status of the services and some additional information.

This is very much suitable for cloud based services like Azure because those services are managed and maintained by Microsoft Azure team.

To monitor the services, you should have admin access. Let us take a scenario with office 365.

Follow the below steps to monitor the Power BI Services,

  1. Connect O365 admin center
  2. Expand Health and choose service Health. It will list out all the services. If the services are working good then you can see a green tick mark near each service name.
  3. Identify the services that are showing any advisory.
  4. Check the advisory and understand the status details.

ByHariharan Rajendran

Access Report Manager outside of Network

Nowadays, most of the organisations are using Azure Virtual Machine to host SQL Server Reporting services. By default, we can access the reporting service manager with-in same network. It won’t be possible to access the reporting services outside of network without setting up below configuration.

This is not only for SSRS in Azure VM. The same setup is applicable for the on-premises server.

Follow the below steps,

Step 1: Go to virtual machine resource group and select Network Security Group.

Step 2: Create a new inbound security role with service as HTTP, it will take 80 as a port.

Step 3: Create a same inbound rule inside the virtual machine. Use the below power shell script to create a rule.

New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Report Server (TCP on port 443)” -Direction Inbound –Protocol TCP -LocalPort 80

Step 4: Enable DNS if not configured already. Click Public IP in Virtual Machine overview section in the portal. Set up the DNS name. It will look like below.

Step 5: Make sure report server is configured and working without an issue.

Step 6: Pass the DNS name with extension in your local machine as like below.

Step 7: Pass the credentials and it will show your reports.

Share your comments below.

ByHariharan Rajendran

Date Table in Power BI – M Language

Power BI Desktop supports Power Query Language which is nothing but M language for data modeling.

This article explains how we can create date table with all the necessary columns. Generating date table is easy in Power BI as we have different methods.

Refer my below article to generate date table manually or with single DAX query.

Date table in Power BI

Use the below M query to create a date table,

//Create Date Dimension

(StartDate as date, EndDate as date)=>

let

    //Capture the date range from the parameters

    StartDate = #date(Date.Year(StartDate), Date.Month(StartDate),

    Date.Day(StartDate)),

    EndDate = #date(Date.Year(EndDate), Date.Month(EndDate),

    Date.Day(EndDate)),

//Get the number of dates that will be required for the table

    GetDateCount = Duration.Days(EndDate – StartDate),

//Take the count of dates and turn it into a list of dates

    GetDateList = List.Dates(StartDate, GetDateCount,

    #duration(1,0,0,0)),

//Convert the list into a table

    DateListToTable = Table.FromList(GetDateList,

    Splitter.SplitByNothing(), {“Date”}, null, ExtraValues.Error),

//Create various date attributes from the date column

    //Add Year Column

    YearNumber = Table.AddColumn(DateListToTable, “Year”,

    each Date.Year([Date])),

//Add Quarter Column

    QuarterNumber = Table.AddColumn(YearNumber , “Quarter”,

    each “Q” & Number.ToText(Date.QuarterOfYear([Date]))),

//Add Week Number Column

    WeekNumber= Table.AddColumn(QuarterNumber , “Week Number”,

    each Date.WeekOfYear([Date])),

//Add Month Number Column

    MonthNumber = Table.AddColumn(WeekNumber, “Month Number”,

    each Date.Month([Date])),

//Add Month Name Column

    MonthName = Table.AddColumn(MonthNumber , “Month”,

    each Date.ToText([Date],”MMMM”)),

//Add Day of Week Column

    DayOfWeek = Table.AddColumn(MonthName , “Day of Week”,

    each Date.ToText([Date],”dddd”))

in

    DayOfWeek

 

It asks for start and end date. Once entered the date then click Invoke, it will generate the query.

ByHariharan Rajendran

DAX Leap Year In Power BI

Identifying the Leap is very simple logic, this post explains that how you can identify a year which is a leap year or non-leap year in Power BI.

Consider I have a year column on my table. If not then use the Year function on the data column and get the year column.

You need to find the below values,

  1. Year Start Date
  2. Year End Date
  3. Days between Year Start Date and Year End Date.
  4. Check the number of days

That’s it, very simple.

Use the below DAX expressions to identify the above values.

YearStartDate = DATE(‘Year'[Year],01,01)

YearEndDate = DATE(‘Year'[Year],12,31)

TotalDays = (‘Year'[YearEndDate]-‘Year'[YearStartDate])*1+1

IsLeapyear = IF(‘Year'[TotalDays]=366,”Yes”,”No”)

Happy Learning.

ByHariharan Rajendran

Power BI Pre-defined Transformations

This article talks about the pre-defined transformations that we can directly use in Power BI Desktop. These transformations are part of Power Query Editor.

As a business intelligence developer, usually we spend most of the time to prepare the dataset for report and dashboards. Preparing the dataset includes, getting the data from different sources, data modelling and transform the data.

Data transform is applicable for both rows and columns. Check the list of pre-defined transforms in Power BI Desktop.

These transforms are grouped into different categories.

Table Level

To add a new column

To play with the columns,

To format a text column,

To format a number column,

Date and Time columns,

The above sections are specific to columns. To play with rows,

There any many situations where we need to combine the tables and queries. To handle those scenarios, we can use the below options in Power BI.

To sort the columns,

We also have R script which we can use to perform any complex transform or logics with the data.

Apart from the pre-defined options still we can do complex logics with M language (Power Query Language).

Happy Learning & Share your comments.

ByHariharan Rajendran

Date table in Power BI

Every BI Solutions will have a date dimension table data with other business data. Date dimension is one of the mandatory table as most of the analysis are based on date dimension table.

We can generate the date dimension table in all the scenarios. This post explains you that how we can generate the date dimension table in Power BI.

We have different ways to generate date dimension table. Here I explained two different ways.

Create a table by creating individual column manually

Use New table option and start to create the columns with below expressions.

Column Name Expressions
Date CALENDARAUTO()
DateAsInteger FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYYMMDD” )
Year YEAR ( [Date] )
Quarter “Q” & FORMAT ( [Date], “Q” )
YearQuarter FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYY” ) & “-Q”

& FORMAT ( [Date], “q” )

Monthnumber FORMAT ( [Date], “MM” )
YearMonthnumber FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYY/MM” )
YearMonthShort FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYY/mmm” )
MonthNameShort FORMAT ( [Date], “mmm” )
MonthNameLong FORMAT ( [Date], “mmmm” )
DayOfWeekNumber WEEKDAY ( [Date] )
DayOfWeek FORMAT ( [Date], “dddd” )
DayOfWeekShort FORMAT ( [Date], “dddd” )

Single Script to Generate Date Table

Add the below script in New table expression.

DimDate =

VAR fiscal_year_end_month = 3

RETURN

    ADDCOLUMNS (

        CALENDARAUTO ( fiscal_year_end_month ),

        “DateAsInteger”, FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYYMMDD” ),

        “Year”, YEAR ( [Date] ),

        “Quarter”, “Q” & FORMAT ( [Date], “Q” ),

         “YearQuarter”, FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYY” ) & “-Q”

            & FORMAT ( [Date], “q” ),

        “Monthnumber”, FORMAT ( [Date], “MM” ),

        “YearMonthnumber”, FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYY/MM” ),

        “YearMonthShort”, FORMAT ( [Date], “YYYY/mmm” ),

        “MonthNameShort”, FORMAT ( [Date], “mmm” ),

        “MonthNameLong”, FORMAT ( [Date], “mmmm” ),

        “DayOfWeekNumber”, WEEKDAY ( [Date] ),

        “DayOfWeek”, FORMAT ( [Date], “dddd” ),

        “DayOfWeekShort”, FORMAT ( [Date], “dddd” )

    )

The above script will generate a table with all the columns. We can customise the table by modifying the expression.

ByHariharan Rajendran

Power BI Custom Visuals in Office Store

As we know Microsoft Power BI is one of the best business Intelligence Tool. It is offering a variety of services to the customers. Those services are Power BI as a service – Cloud, Power BI Desktop, Power BI Mobile App, Custom Visuals and etc.
There are plenty of custom visuals are available for us to directly in our reports and dashboards. Those custom visuals are available in below URL.

https://app.powerbi.com/visuals/

The visual library is already moved to office store. Any more new visuals and updates are happening in office store. The above URL will be available until May 31, 2017.

If you have used any of the custom visuals from current visuals gallery, still it will work. To get new updates you need to check in office store.

https://store.office.com/

Visit the above URL and select Power BI under product section.
You can see the custom visuals for Power BI, visuals are available under different categories.

To download and use, follow the below steps.
1. Select the visual
2. Click “Add”
3. You can see an option “Select to download <visual name>”, click.

The visual with .pbiviz extension will be download. You can use the visual in a report as usual with import option.